What They Say - Part II

Additional Sayings about the Prophet (PBUH)

 

ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA confirms:

"....a mass of detail in the early sources show that he was an honest and upright man who had gained the respect and loyalty of others who were like-wise honest and upright men."
(Vol. 12)

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW said about him:

"He must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness."
(The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936)

He was by far the most remarkable man that ever set foot on this earth. He preached a religion, founded a state, built a nation, laid down a moral code, initiated numerous social and political reforms, established a powerful and dynamic society to practice and represent his teachings and completely revolutionized the worlds of human thought and behavior for all times to come.

"His Name is MUHAMMAD"
May Peace of God Be Upon Him (pbuh)

He was born in Arabia in the year 570 C.E. (common era), started his mission of preaching the religion of Truth, Islam (submission to One God) at the age of forty and departed from this world at the age of sixty-three. During this short period of 23 years of his Prophethood, he changed the complete Arabian peninsula from paganism and idolatry to worship of One God, from tribal quarrels and wars to national solidarity and cohesion, from drunkenness and debauchery to sobriety and piety, from lawlessness and anarchy to disciplined living, from utter bankruptcy to the highest standards of moral excellence. Human history has never known such a complete transformation of a people or a place before or since - and imagine all these unbelievable wonders in just over two decades.

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You Must Know Him

You may be an atheist or an agnostic or you may belong to any of the religious denominations that exist in the world today. You may have been a Communist or a believer in democracy and freedom. No matter what you are, and no matter what your religious and political beliefs, personal and social habits happen to be— YOU STILL MUST KNOW THIS MAN!

He was by far the most remarkable man that ever set foot on this earth. He preached a religion, founded a state, built a nation, laid down a moral code, initiated numberless social and political reforms, established a dynamic and powerful society to practice and represent his teachings, and he revolutionized the worlds of human thought and human action for all time. His name was Muhammad (peace and blessings of Almighty Creator be upon him)—and he accomplished all these wonders in the unbelievably short span of twenty-three years.

 

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Generosity, Clemency and Conduct

Abdullah ibn Amr narrated:
"Allah's Messenger (s.a.a.w.) neither spoke in an insulting manner nor did he ever speak evil intentionally. He used to say, 'The most beloved to me among you is the one who has the best character and manners.'" (Narrated by Al-Bukhari) 

AbuHurayrah narrated that the Prophet (s.a.a.w.) said:
"The most Perfect believer in respect of faith is he who is best of them in manners." (Narrated by Abu-Dawood)

Qatadah ibn Malik narrated that Zayd ibn Ilaqah related on the authority of his uncle, Qatadah ibn Malik, that the Prophet (s.a.a.w.) would supplicate:
"O Allah, I seek Your protection against undesirable manners, acts, and desires." (Transmitted by Al-Tirmithi.)

Anas ibn Malik narrated:
"I was walking with the messenger of Allah (s.a.a.w.) and he was wearing a mantle of Najran with a thick border. A Bedouin met him and pulled the mantle so violently that I saw this violent pulling had left marks from its border on the skin of the neck of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.a.w.). And he (the Bedouin) said: Muhammad!, command that I should be given out of the wealth of Allah which is at your disposal. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.a.w.) turned to him and smiled, and then he ordered for him a provision." 

He also narrated:
"Eighty men from the men of Makkah descended upon the Messenger of Allah (s.a.a.w.) from the mountain of Al-Taneem, in [full] armor, with the intent of doing battle with him. He (Muhammad, s.a.a.w.) captured them peaceably and then did not kill them" (Narrated by Muslim) 

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The Life of Prophet Muhammad By Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall

 

The Life of Prophet Muhammad

Taken, with some editorial changes, from Pickthall’s introduction to his translation of the Qur’an.

The Prophet’s Birth

The Ka`bah today

Muhammad, son of Abdullah, son of Abdul Muttalib, of the tribe of Quraysh, was born in Makkah fifty-three years before the Hijrah. His father died before he was born, and he was protected first by his grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, and after his grandfather’s death, by his uncle Abu Talib.

As a young boy he traveled with his uncle in the merchants’ caravan to Syria, and some years afterwards made the same journey in the service of a wealthy widow named Khadijah. So faithfully did he transact the widow’s business, and so excellent was the report of his behavior, which she received from her old servant who had accompanied him, that she soon afterwards married her young agent; and the marriage proved a very happy one, though she was fifteen years older than he was. Throughout the twenty-six years of their life together he remained devoted to her; and after her death, when he took other wives he always mentioned her with the greatest love and reverence. This marriage gave him rank among the notables of Makkah, while his conduct earned for him the surname Al-Amin, the “trustworthy.”

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Chapter 145: Supplication for the Sick

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Chapter 145
Supplication for the Sick

[901] عن عائشة رضي الله عنها : أنَّ النبي كَانَ إِذَا اشْتَكى الإنْسَانُ الشَّيْءَ مِنْهُ ، أَوْ كَانَتْ بِهِ قَرْحَةٌ أَوْ جُرْحٌ ، قَالَ النَّبيُّ بِأُصْبُعِهِ هكَذا - وَوَضَعَ سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَة الرَّاوي سَبَّابَتَهُ بِالأَرْضِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَها - وقال : « بِسمِ اللهِ ، تُرْبَةُ أرْضِنَا ، بِرِيقَةِ بَعْضِنَا ، يُشْفَى بِهِ سَقِيمُنَا ، بإذْنِ رَبِّنَا » . متفقٌ عَلَيْهِ . في بعض الروايات : أن النبي كان يبل أصبعه ويضعها أعلى لأرض ليلتزق بها التراب . وفيه : إشارة إلى أن أول خلق الإِنسان من تراب ، ثم من نطفة .

901. 'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When a person complained to the Prophet (PBUH) about an ailment or suffered from a sore or a wound, the Prophet (PBUH) would touch the ground with his forefinger and then raise it (Sufyan bin 'Uyainah, the narrator, demonstrated this with his forefinger) and would recite: 'Bismil-lahi, turbatu ardina, biriqati ba'dina, yushfa bihi saqimuni, bi 'idhni Rabbina' (With the Name of Allah, the dust of our ground mixed with the saliva of some of us would cure our patient with the permission of our Rubb."

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: The Prophet (PBUH) would put his forefinger on earth and then mix his spittle with the dust sticking to it. Afterwards, he would put it on the patient's pain-spot or wound and utter the said supplication. This simple act would cure the patient. Some believe that it was peculiar only to the Prophet (PBUH) and was indeed his miracle because the particular dust was of Al-Madinah's soil with the Prophet's spittle being of a unique quality. But Ibn Hajar differs from this view. Spittle and dust, according to him, are simply external means and the curative effect in them comes from Allah Alone. Secondly, we may turn to the pious people to seek their blessings and prayers for the removal of our ailments and troubles, provided the spiritual treatment is bereft of amulets and other polytheistic ways.

[902] وعنها أنَّ النَّبيَّ كَانَ يَعُودُ بَعْضَ أهْلِهِ يَمْسَحُ بِيدِهِ اليُمْنَى ، ويقولُ : « اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ النَّاسِ ، أذْهِب البَأسَ ، اشْفِ أنْتَ الشَّافِي لا شِفَاءَ إِلا شِفاؤكَ ، شِفَاءً لا يُغَادِرُ سَقماً » . متفقٌ عَلَيْهِِ . قوله : « لا يغادر سقمًا » ، أي : لا يترك مرضًا . وفائدة التقييد به أنه قد يحول الشفاء من ذلك المرض فيخلفه مرض آخر متولد منه مثلاً ، فكأنه يدعو بالشفاء المطلق ، لا بمطلق الشفاء .

902. 'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: When the Prophet (PBUH) visited any ailing member of his family, he would touch the sick person with his right hand and would supplicate: "Allahumma Rabban-nasi, adhhibil-ba'sa, washfi, Antash-Shafi, la shifa'a illa shifa'uka, shifaan la yughadiru saqaman [O Allah! the Rubb of mankind! Remove this disease and cure (him or her)! You are the Great Curer. There is no cure but through You, which leaves behind no disease]."

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: The word "Ya'udu" (enquired about the patient's health or visited) occurs in the Hadith text quoted by Imam An-Nawawi. But according to Al-Bukhari, this word is "Yuawwidu" which, says Ibn Hajar, is synonymous to the word "Yarqee" (blew over the patient).

[903] وعن أنسٍ أنه قَالَ لِثابِتٍ رحمه اللهُ : ألا أرْقِيكَ بِرُقْيَةِ رسول الله ؟ قَالَ : بَلَى ، قَالَ : « اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ النَّاسِ ، مُذْهِبَ البَأسِ ، اشْفِ أنْتَ الشَّافِي ، لا شَافِيَ إِلا أنْتَ ، شِفَاءً لا يُغَادِرُ سَقماً » . رواه البخاري . فيه : دليل على جواز الرقية من كل الآلم ، وأنه كان أمرًا فاشيًا معلومًا بينهم وأجمع العلماء على جواز الرقية إذا كانت بكلام الله تعالى ، أو بأسمائه ، أو بصفاته ، وباللسان العربي أو بما يعرف معناه من غيره . وسئل ابن عبد السلام عن الحروف المقطعة فمنع منها ما لا يعرف لئلا يكون كفرًا .

903. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I said to Thabit (May Allah had Mercy upon him) Should I not perform Ruqyah (i.e., recite supplication or Quranic Ayat and blow) over you, such supplication as was practised by the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)?" He said: "Please do so." Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) supplicated: "Allahumma Rabban-nasi, mudh-hibal-ba'si, ishfi Antash-Shafi, la shafiya illa Anta, shifa'an la yughadiru saqaman [O Allah! the Rubb of mankind! Take away this disease and cure (him or her). You are the Curer. There is no cure except through You. Cure (him or her), a cure that leaves no disease]."

[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: The said Hadith testifies that the Prophet (PBUH) and the Companions had certainly 'blown over' the patients. There is no doubt about that. Yet, the act of blowing over must be based on the Names and Attributes of Allah and the Prophetic prayers or on Qur'anic Surat and Ayat. Besides, one should have the firm belief that the secondary causes cannot yield the desired effect unless Allah wills so.

[904] وعن سعدِ بن أَبي وقاصٍ قال : عَادَنِي رسول الله فَقَالَ : « اللَّهُمَّ اشْفِ سَعْداً ، اللَّهُمَّ اشْفِ سَعْداً ، اللَّهُمَّ اشْفِ سَعْداً » . رواه مسلم . كرر الدعاء لمزيد الاهتمام والاعتناء . وفي الحديث : « إن الله يحب المُلحِّين في الدعاء » .

904. Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) visited me during my illness and supplicated, "O Allah! Cure Sa'd. O Allah! Cure Sa'd. O' Allah! Cure Sa'd."

[Muslim].

Commentary: To pray for the health and recovery of the patient, particularly uttering his name, is commendable. Furthermore, one should repeatedly pray to Allah and beseech Him with supplication till He responds.

[905] وعن أَبي عبدِ الله عثمان بنِ أَبي العاصِ : أنّه شَكَا إِلَى رسول الله وَجَعاً ، يَجِدُهُ في جَسَدِهِ ، فَقَالَ لَهُ رسول الله : « ضَعْ يَدَكَ عَلَى الَّذِي تَألَّمَ مِنْ جَسَدِكَ وَقُلْ : بسم اللهِ ثَلاثاً ، وَقُلْ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ : أعُوذُ بِعِزَّةِ الله وَقُدْرَتِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا أجِدُ وَأُحَاذِرُ » . رواه مسلم . قال الطيبي : تعوذ من مكروه ووجع ، ومما يتوقع حصوله في المستقبل .

905. Abu 'Abdullah bin Abul-'as (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I complained to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about a pain I had in my body. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Place your hand where you feel pain and say: 'Bismillah (With the Name of Allah)' three times; and then repeat seven times: 'A'udhu bi'izzatillahi wa qudratihi min sharri ma ajidu wa 'uhadhiru (I seek refuge with Allah and with His Power from the evil that afflicts me and that which I apprehend)."'

[Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith tells us it is not necessary that a patient should exclusively get Ruqyah from others; rather he can also do Ruqyah himself by reciting the Prophet's supplications.

[906] وعن ابن عباسٍ رضي الله عنهما عن النبي قَالَ : « مَنْ عَادَ مَرِيضاً لَمْ يَحْضُرْهُ أجَلُهُ ، فقالَ عِنْدَهُ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ : أسْأَلُ اللهَ العَظيمَ ، رَبَّ العَرْشِ العَظيمِ ، أنْ يَشْفِيَكَ ، إِلا عَافَاهُ اللهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ المَرَضِ » . رواه أَبُو داود والترمذي ، وقال : ( حديث حسن ) ، وقال الحاكم : « حديث صحيح عَلَى شرط البخاري » . فيه : استحباب الدعاء للمريض بهذا الدعاء وتكريره سبع مرات . وفيه : أن الأجل إذا حضر لم يرده شيء .

906. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "He who visits a sick person who is not on the point of death and supplicates seven times: As'alullahal-'Azima Rabbal-'Arshil-'Azimi, an yashfiyaka (I beseech Allah the Great, the Rubb of the Great Throne, to heal you), Allah will certainly heal him from that sickness."

[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: There is always a great certainty that Allah will respond to a supplication which springs from a sincere, veracious heart. One should, therefore, pray for a patient with full conviction and reassurance of heart. Moreover, the Prophet's prayers have special effect and grace and therefore their original wordings should be uttered.

[907] وعنه : أنَّ النبي دَخَلَ عَلَى أعْرَابِيٍّ يَعُودُهُ ، وَكَانَ إِذَا دَخَلَ عَلَى مَنْ يَعُودُهُ ، قَالَ : « لا بَأسَ ؛ طَهُورٌ إنْ شَاءَ اللهُ » . رواه البخاري . تمام الحديث : فقال الأعرابي : بل حمى تفور على شيخ كبير تزيره القبور قال النبي : فنعم إذًا .

907. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) visited a bedouin who was sick. Whenever he visited an ailing person, he would say, "La ba'sa, tahurun in sha' Allah [No harm, (it will be a) purification (from sins), if Allah wills]."

[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: According to this Hadith, a patient should be told that his disease will purge out his sins. To sit beside the sick, to comfort his heart and to say a few words of sympathy to him was the Prophet's practice.

[908] وعن أَبي سعيد الخدري : أن جِبريلَ أتَى النبي فَقَالَ : يَا مُحَمَّدُ ، اشْتَكَيْتَ ؟ قَالَ : « نَعَمْ » قَالَ : بِسْمِ الله أرْقِيكَ ، مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ يُؤْذِيكَ ، مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ أَوْ عَيْنِ حَاسِدٍ ، اللهُ يَشْفِيكَ ، بِسمِ اللهِ أُرقِيكَ . رواه مسلم . في الحديث : جواز الإِخبار بالمرض على طريق بيان الواقع من غير تضجر ولا تبرم . وفيه : تنبيه على أن الرقى لا ينبغي أن تكون إلا بأسماء الله وأوصافه وذكره ، فببركة ذلك يرتفع ما يؤذن في رفعه من الضرر .

908. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Jibril (Gabriel) came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said: "O Muhammad (PBUH)! Do you feel sick?" He (PBUH) said, "Yes." Jibril supplicated thus (i.e., he performed Ruqyah): "Bismillahi arqika, min kulli shay'in yu'dhika, min sharri kulli nafsin aw 'ayni hasidi, Allahu yashfika, bismillahi arqika. [With the Name of Allah. I recite over you (to cleanse you) from all that troubles you, and from every harmful mischief and from the evil of the eyes of an envier. Allah will cure you; and with the Name of Allah, I recite over you]."

[Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith clearly tells us that the Prophet (PBUH) was not free from the basic attributes of human nature and occasionally he also fell ill. Angel Jibril (Gabriel) therefore prayed for his health and safety against all those things which could harm him. These prayers should be recited after the Prophet's practice.

[909] وعن أَبي سعيد الخدري وأبي هريرة رضي الله عنهما : أنَّهُمَا شَهِدَا عَلَى رسول الله أنّه قَالَ : « مَنْ قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا اللهُ وَاللهُ أكْبَرُ ، صَدَّقَهُ رَبُّهُ ، فَقَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا أنَا وأنَا أكْبَرُ . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا اللهُ وَحدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، قَالَ : يقول : لا إلهَ إلا أنَا وَحْدِي لا شَريكَ لِي . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا اللهُ لَهُ المُلْكُ وَلَهُ الحَمْدُ ، قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا أنَا لِيَ المُلْكُ وَلِيَ الحَمْدُ . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إله إِلا اللهُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا باللهِ ، قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا أنَا وَلا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا بي » وَكَانَ يقُولُ : « مَنْ قَالَهَا في مَرَضِهِ ثُمَّ مَاتَ لَمْ تَطْعَمْهُ النَّارُ » . رواه الترمذي ، وقال : ( حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ) . معنى لا إله إلا الله ، أي : لا معبود بحق في الوجود إلا الله وحده منفردًا في ذاته وأوصافه ، لا شريك له في ربوبيته ، وإلاهيته . ومعنى : لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله ، أي : لا حول عن المعاصي إلا بعصمة الله ، ولا قوة على طاعة الله إلا بمعونة الله .

909. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "If a person says: 'La ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar (There is no true god except Allah and Allah is Greatest)', his Rubb responds to him and affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I, and I am the Greatest.' When he says: 'La ilaha illallahu Wahdahu la sharika Lahu (There is no true god except Allah, the One, He has no partner).' Allah (SWT) affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I. I have no partner.' When he says: 'La ilaha illallahu Lahul mulku wa Lahul-hamdu (the sovereignty belongs to Him and all the praise is due to Him).' He (SWT) affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I, Mine is the praise and to Me belongs the sovereignty.' When he says: 'La ilaha illallahu wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa Billah (There is no true god except Allah, and there is no might and power but with Allah).' He (SWT) affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I, and there is no might and power but with Me."' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) added, "He who recites this during his illness and dies, will not be touched by the Fire (Hell)."

[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: This Hadith points out the excellence of the words mentioned above. This is so because of great meaning they have, namely the firm belief in Allah, His Oneness and Glorification; that to Him Alone we should return, upon Him Alone we should rely, and to Him Alone we should express gratefulness. If somebody utters them during his illness, his life is sure to come to an end in a good way, that is, he will go to Jannah.

Short Quotes

Some commandments to Israelites

وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لاَ تَعْبُدُونَ إِلاَّ اللّهَ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَاناً وَذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَقُولُواْ لِلنَّاسِ حُسْناً وَأَقِيمُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَآتُواْ الزَّكَاةَ ثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً مِّنكُمْ وَأَنتُم مِّعْرِضُونَ

(2:83) Remember that We made a solemn covenant with the children of Israel to this effect: worship none save Allah: be good to your parents, to your relatives, to the orphans and to the helpless; speak aright with the people: establish the Salat and pay the Zakat. But with the exception of a few, you all slid back from it and are paying no heed to it even now.