The Light of the Prophet by Dr. Badawi

 

"Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth . . . "[1. Qur'an (24:35).]

The Light is one of the ninety-nine Beautiful Names of Allah. Light is that by which things become known. Things may exist in the dark, but they cannot be seen. Light may be physical, such as the light of the sun or the moon, or intelligible, like the light of the intellect. The latter is that which illuminates the darkness of ignorance with the light of knowledge. Total darkness is non-existence, thus light is that which brings created beings out of non-existence into existence. It is the creative act of Allah and this is one of the meanings of "Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth . . . " The other meaning is that every light in the universe is but a reflection of His mercy, every knowledge a reflection of His knowledge and so on. "Allah created His creation in darkness," said the Prophet, may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him, "then He sprayed them with His light. Those whom this light reached became rightly guided, while those it did not went astray."[2. Tirmidhi.] And he also said, as recorded by Muslim, "Allah, August and Majestic is He, wrote the destinies of creation fifty thousand years before He created the Heavens and the earth. His throne was on the water. Among what He wrote in the Remembrance, which is the Mother of the Book, was: Muhammad is the Seal of the Prophets."

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Trust in Allah


  

Trust in Allah, the Glorious, the Exalted

Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) preached to the people to trust in Allah (swt). His whole life was a sublime example of the precept. In the loneliness of Makkah, in the midst of persecution and danger, in adversity and tribulations, and in the thick of enemies in the battles of Uhud and Hunain, complete faith and trust in Allah (swt) appears as the dominant feature in his life. However great the danger that confronted him, he never lost hope and never allowed himself to be unduly agitated. Abu Talib knew the feelings of the Quraish when the Prophet (s.a.a.w.) started his mission. He also knew the lengths to which the Quraish could go, and requested the Prophet (s.a.a.w.) to abandon his mission, but the latter calmly replied,

"Dear uncle, do not go by my loneliness. Truth will not go unsupported for long. The whole of Arabia and beyond will one day espouse its cause." [Ibn Hisham, Sirat-ur-Rasul]

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Ten Principles of Success in the light of the Seerah


Principles of Success—
In the light of Seerah
By Maulana Wahiduddin Khan

 

It is a well-known fact that the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) was the supremely successful man in the entire human history. But he was not just a hero, as Thomas Carlyle has called him. According to the Qur’an, he was a good example for all mankind. He has shown us the way of achieving supreme success in this world.

By studying the life of the Prophet we can derive those important principles which were followed by the Prophet. In short, the Prophet of Islam was a positive thinker in the full sense of the word. All his activities were result-oriented. He completely refrained from all such steps as may prove counter-productive.

First Principle: To begin from the possible
This principle is well explained in a saying of Aishah. She said: "Whenever the Prophet had to choose between two options, he always opted for the easier choice." (Al-Bukhari)To choose the easiest option means to begin from the possible, and one who begins from the possible will surely reach his goal.

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The Prophet of Islam by Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah

[Taken from Introduction to Islam by Muhammad Hamidullah (Centre Culturel Islamique, Paris, 1969), with some changes to make it more readable. The changes are marked by pairs of brackets like around this paragraph.]

The Prophet of Islam - His Biography


IN the annals of men, individuals have not been lacking who conspicuously devoted their lives to the socio-religious reform of their connected peoples. We find them in every epoch and in all lands. In India, there lived those who transmitted to the world the Vedas, and there was also the great Gautama Buddha; China had its Confucius; the Avesta was produced in Iran. Babylonia gave to the world one of the greatest reformers, the Prophet Abraham (not to speak of such of his ancestors as Enoch and Noah about whom we have very scanty information). The Jewish people may rightly be proud of a long series of reformers: Moses, Samuel, David, Solomon, and Jesus among others.

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Chapter 145: Supplication for the Sick

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Chapter 145
Supplication for the Sick

[901] عن عائشة رضي الله عنها : أنَّ النبي كَانَ إِذَا اشْتَكى الإنْسَانُ الشَّيْءَ مِنْهُ ، أَوْ كَانَتْ بِهِ قَرْحَةٌ أَوْ جُرْحٌ ، قَالَ النَّبيُّ بِأُصْبُعِهِ هكَذا - وَوَضَعَ سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَة الرَّاوي سَبَّابَتَهُ بِالأَرْضِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَها - وقال : « بِسمِ اللهِ ، تُرْبَةُ أرْضِنَا ، بِرِيقَةِ بَعْضِنَا ، يُشْفَى بِهِ سَقِيمُنَا ، بإذْنِ رَبِّنَا » . متفقٌ عَلَيْهِ . في بعض الروايات : أن النبي كان يبل أصبعه ويضعها أعلى لأرض ليلتزق بها التراب . وفيه : إشارة إلى أن أول خلق الإِنسان من تراب ، ثم من نطفة .

901. 'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When a person complained to the Prophet (PBUH) about an ailment or suffered from a sore or a wound, the Prophet (PBUH) would touch the ground with his forefinger and then raise it (Sufyan bin 'Uyainah, the narrator, demonstrated this with his forefinger) and would recite: 'Bismil-lahi, turbatu ardina, biriqati ba'dina, yushfa bihi saqimuni, bi 'idhni Rabbina' (With the Name of Allah, the dust of our ground mixed with the saliva of some of us would cure our patient with the permission of our Rubb."

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: The Prophet (PBUH) would put his forefinger on earth and then mix his spittle with the dust sticking to it. Afterwards, he would put it on the patient's pain-spot or wound and utter the said supplication. This simple act would cure the patient. Some believe that it was peculiar only to the Prophet (PBUH) and was indeed his miracle because the particular dust was of Al-Madinah's soil with the Prophet's spittle being of a unique quality. But Ibn Hajar differs from this view. Spittle and dust, according to him, are simply external means and the curative effect in them comes from Allah Alone. Secondly, we may turn to the pious people to seek their blessings and prayers for the removal of our ailments and troubles, provided the spiritual treatment is bereft of amulets and other polytheistic ways.

[902] وعنها أنَّ النَّبيَّ كَانَ يَعُودُ بَعْضَ أهْلِهِ يَمْسَحُ بِيدِهِ اليُمْنَى ، ويقولُ : « اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ النَّاسِ ، أذْهِب البَأسَ ، اشْفِ أنْتَ الشَّافِي لا شِفَاءَ إِلا شِفاؤكَ ، شِفَاءً لا يُغَادِرُ سَقماً » . متفقٌ عَلَيْهِِ . قوله : « لا يغادر سقمًا » ، أي : لا يترك مرضًا . وفائدة التقييد به أنه قد يحول الشفاء من ذلك المرض فيخلفه مرض آخر متولد منه مثلاً ، فكأنه يدعو بالشفاء المطلق ، لا بمطلق الشفاء .

902. 'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: When the Prophet (PBUH) visited any ailing member of his family, he would touch the sick person with his right hand and would supplicate: "Allahumma Rabban-nasi, adhhibil-ba'sa, washfi, Antash-Shafi, la shifa'a illa shifa'uka, shifaan la yughadiru saqaman [O Allah! the Rubb of mankind! Remove this disease and cure (him or her)! You are the Great Curer. There is no cure but through You, which leaves behind no disease]."

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: The word "Ya'udu" (enquired about the patient's health or visited) occurs in the Hadith text quoted by Imam An-Nawawi. But according to Al-Bukhari, this word is "Yuawwidu" which, says Ibn Hajar, is synonymous to the word "Yarqee" (blew over the patient).

[903] وعن أنسٍ أنه قَالَ لِثابِتٍ رحمه اللهُ : ألا أرْقِيكَ بِرُقْيَةِ رسول الله ؟ قَالَ : بَلَى ، قَالَ : « اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ النَّاسِ ، مُذْهِبَ البَأسِ ، اشْفِ أنْتَ الشَّافِي ، لا شَافِيَ إِلا أنْتَ ، شِفَاءً لا يُغَادِرُ سَقماً » . رواه البخاري . فيه : دليل على جواز الرقية من كل الآلم ، وأنه كان أمرًا فاشيًا معلومًا بينهم وأجمع العلماء على جواز الرقية إذا كانت بكلام الله تعالى ، أو بأسمائه ، أو بصفاته ، وباللسان العربي أو بما يعرف معناه من غيره . وسئل ابن عبد السلام عن الحروف المقطعة فمنع منها ما لا يعرف لئلا يكون كفرًا .

903. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I said to Thabit (May Allah had Mercy upon him) Should I not perform Ruqyah (i.e., recite supplication or Quranic Ayat and blow) over you, such supplication as was practised by the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)?" He said: "Please do so." Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) supplicated: "Allahumma Rabban-nasi, mudh-hibal-ba'si, ishfi Antash-Shafi, la shafiya illa Anta, shifa'an la yughadiru saqaman [O Allah! the Rubb of mankind! Take away this disease and cure (him or her). You are the Curer. There is no cure except through You. Cure (him or her), a cure that leaves no disease]."

[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: The said Hadith testifies that the Prophet (PBUH) and the Companions had certainly 'blown over' the patients. There is no doubt about that. Yet, the act of blowing over must be based on the Names and Attributes of Allah and the Prophetic prayers or on Qur'anic Surat and Ayat. Besides, one should have the firm belief that the secondary causes cannot yield the desired effect unless Allah wills so.

[904] وعن سعدِ بن أَبي وقاصٍ قال : عَادَنِي رسول الله فَقَالَ : « اللَّهُمَّ اشْفِ سَعْداً ، اللَّهُمَّ اشْفِ سَعْداً ، اللَّهُمَّ اشْفِ سَعْداً » . رواه مسلم . كرر الدعاء لمزيد الاهتمام والاعتناء . وفي الحديث : « إن الله يحب المُلحِّين في الدعاء » .

904. Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) visited me during my illness and supplicated, "O Allah! Cure Sa'd. O Allah! Cure Sa'd. O' Allah! Cure Sa'd."

[Muslim].

Commentary: To pray for the health and recovery of the patient, particularly uttering his name, is commendable. Furthermore, one should repeatedly pray to Allah and beseech Him with supplication till He responds.

[905] وعن أَبي عبدِ الله عثمان بنِ أَبي العاصِ : أنّه شَكَا إِلَى رسول الله وَجَعاً ، يَجِدُهُ في جَسَدِهِ ، فَقَالَ لَهُ رسول الله : « ضَعْ يَدَكَ عَلَى الَّذِي تَألَّمَ مِنْ جَسَدِكَ وَقُلْ : بسم اللهِ ثَلاثاً ، وَقُلْ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ : أعُوذُ بِعِزَّةِ الله وَقُدْرَتِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا أجِدُ وَأُحَاذِرُ » . رواه مسلم . قال الطيبي : تعوذ من مكروه ووجع ، ومما يتوقع حصوله في المستقبل .

905. Abu 'Abdullah bin Abul-'as (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I complained to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about a pain I had in my body. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Place your hand where you feel pain and say: 'Bismillah (With the Name of Allah)' three times; and then repeat seven times: 'A'udhu bi'izzatillahi wa qudratihi min sharri ma ajidu wa 'uhadhiru (I seek refuge with Allah and with His Power from the evil that afflicts me and that which I apprehend)."'

[Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith tells us it is not necessary that a patient should exclusively get Ruqyah from others; rather he can also do Ruqyah himself by reciting the Prophet's supplications.

[906] وعن ابن عباسٍ رضي الله عنهما عن النبي قَالَ : « مَنْ عَادَ مَرِيضاً لَمْ يَحْضُرْهُ أجَلُهُ ، فقالَ عِنْدَهُ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ : أسْأَلُ اللهَ العَظيمَ ، رَبَّ العَرْشِ العَظيمِ ، أنْ يَشْفِيَكَ ، إِلا عَافَاهُ اللهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ المَرَضِ » . رواه أَبُو داود والترمذي ، وقال : ( حديث حسن ) ، وقال الحاكم : « حديث صحيح عَلَى شرط البخاري » . فيه : استحباب الدعاء للمريض بهذا الدعاء وتكريره سبع مرات . وفيه : أن الأجل إذا حضر لم يرده شيء .

906. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "He who visits a sick person who is not on the point of death and supplicates seven times: As'alullahal-'Azima Rabbal-'Arshil-'Azimi, an yashfiyaka (I beseech Allah the Great, the Rubb of the Great Throne, to heal you), Allah will certainly heal him from that sickness."

[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: There is always a great certainty that Allah will respond to a supplication which springs from a sincere, veracious heart. One should, therefore, pray for a patient with full conviction and reassurance of heart. Moreover, the Prophet's prayers have special effect and grace and therefore their original wordings should be uttered.

[907] وعنه : أنَّ النبي دَخَلَ عَلَى أعْرَابِيٍّ يَعُودُهُ ، وَكَانَ إِذَا دَخَلَ عَلَى مَنْ يَعُودُهُ ، قَالَ : « لا بَأسَ ؛ طَهُورٌ إنْ شَاءَ اللهُ » . رواه البخاري . تمام الحديث : فقال الأعرابي : بل حمى تفور على شيخ كبير تزيره القبور قال النبي : فنعم إذًا .

907. Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) visited a bedouin who was sick. Whenever he visited an ailing person, he would say, "La ba'sa, tahurun in sha' Allah [No harm, (it will be a) purification (from sins), if Allah wills]."

[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: According to this Hadith, a patient should be told that his disease will purge out his sins. To sit beside the sick, to comfort his heart and to say a few words of sympathy to him was the Prophet's practice.

[908] وعن أَبي سعيد الخدري : أن جِبريلَ أتَى النبي فَقَالَ : يَا مُحَمَّدُ ، اشْتَكَيْتَ ؟ قَالَ : « نَعَمْ » قَالَ : بِسْمِ الله أرْقِيكَ ، مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ يُؤْذِيكَ ، مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ أَوْ عَيْنِ حَاسِدٍ ، اللهُ يَشْفِيكَ ، بِسمِ اللهِ أُرقِيكَ . رواه مسلم . في الحديث : جواز الإِخبار بالمرض على طريق بيان الواقع من غير تضجر ولا تبرم . وفيه : تنبيه على أن الرقى لا ينبغي أن تكون إلا بأسماء الله وأوصافه وذكره ، فببركة ذلك يرتفع ما يؤذن في رفعه من الضرر .

908. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Jibril (Gabriel) came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said: "O Muhammad (PBUH)! Do you feel sick?" He (PBUH) said, "Yes." Jibril supplicated thus (i.e., he performed Ruqyah): "Bismillahi arqika, min kulli shay'in yu'dhika, min sharri kulli nafsin aw 'ayni hasidi, Allahu yashfika, bismillahi arqika. [With the Name of Allah. I recite over you (to cleanse you) from all that troubles you, and from every harmful mischief and from the evil of the eyes of an envier. Allah will cure you; and with the Name of Allah, I recite over you]."

[Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith clearly tells us that the Prophet (PBUH) was not free from the basic attributes of human nature and occasionally he also fell ill. Angel Jibril (Gabriel) therefore prayed for his health and safety against all those things which could harm him. These prayers should be recited after the Prophet's practice.

[909] وعن أَبي سعيد الخدري وأبي هريرة رضي الله عنهما : أنَّهُمَا شَهِدَا عَلَى رسول الله أنّه قَالَ : « مَنْ قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا اللهُ وَاللهُ أكْبَرُ ، صَدَّقَهُ رَبُّهُ ، فَقَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا أنَا وأنَا أكْبَرُ . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا اللهُ وَحدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، قَالَ : يقول : لا إلهَ إلا أنَا وَحْدِي لا شَريكَ لِي . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا اللهُ لَهُ المُلْكُ وَلَهُ الحَمْدُ ، قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا أنَا لِيَ المُلْكُ وَلِيَ الحَمْدُ . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إله إِلا اللهُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا باللهِ ، قَالَ : لا إلهَ إِلا أنَا وَلا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا بي » وَكَانَ يقُولُ : « مَنْ قَالَهَا في مَرَضِهِ ثُمَّ مَاتَ لَمْ تَطْعَمْهُ النَّارُ » . رواه الترمذي ، وقال : ( حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ) . معنى لا إله إلا الله ، أي : لا معبود بحق في الوجود إلا الله وحده منفردًا في ذاته وأوصافه ، لا شريك له في ربوبيته ، وإلاهيته . ومعنى : لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله ، أي : لا حول عن المعاصي إلا بعصمة الله ، ولا قوة على طاعة الله إلا بمعونة الله .

909. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "If a person says: 'La ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar (There is no true god except Allah and Allah is Greatest)', his Rubb responds to him and affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I, and I am the Greatest.' When he says: 'La ilaha illallahu Wahdahu la sharika Lahu (There is no true god except Allah, the One, He has no partner).' Allah (SWT) affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I. I have no partner.' When he says: 'La ilaha illallahu Lahul mulku wa Lahul-hamdu (the sovereignty belongs to Him and all the praise is due to Him).' He (SWT) affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I, Mine is the praise and to Me belongs the sovereignty.' When he says: 'La ilaha illallahu wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa Billah (There is no true god except Allah, and there is no might and power but with Allah).' He (SWT) affirms: '(Yes!) There is no true god except I, and there is no might and power but with Me."' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) added, "He who recites this during his illness and dies, will not be touched by the Fire (Hell)."

[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: This Hadith points out the excellence of the words mentioned above. This is so because of great meaning they have, namely the firm belief in Allah, His Oneness and Glorification; that to Him Alone we should return, upon Him Alone we should rely, and to Him Alone we should express gratefulness. If somebody utters them during his illness, his life is sure to come to an end in a good way, that is, he will go to Jannah.

Short Quotes

Allah is the Lord

اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ     Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the entire universe.(1:2)
In Arabic the word Rabb has three meanings: (i) Lord and Master; (ii) Sustainer, Provider, Supporter, Nourisher and Guardian, and (iii) Sovereign, Ruler, He Who controls and directs. God is the Rabb of the universe in all three meanings of the term.